Adult description: "The cytostome of vestibuliferans lies within an apical, subapical, or occasionally posterior, vestibular depression containing modified somatic ciliature associated with a rhabdos-type cytopharynx" (Sleigh, 1989).
Life Cycle: "The Ciliophora are characterized by the possession of two types of nucleus, the sexual process of conjugation, a basically equatorial division plane in binary fission, and a form of pellicular organisation in which cilia and their intracellular attachments (the infraciliature) are dominate features" (Sleigh, 1989).
Sources: Sleigh, M.A. 1989. Protozoa and other Protists. British Library Cataloguing Publication Data, p. 186, 199-200.