Life Cycle: Species in the genera Bucephalus often use freshwater mussels as the first intermediate host, fish as second host, and bass fishes as a definitive host (Olsen, 1974; Marchiorir et. al., 2010; Pina et al., 2009).
Rhynchus a simple sucker, usually with seven to many retractable tentacles arranged around anterior rim of sucker.
Sources: Bray, R.A., Gibson D.I., and Jones, A. 2002. Keys to the Trematoda, Vol. 1, p. 99.
Olsen O. W. 1974. Animal parasites: their life cycles and ecology. 3rd Revd Edn., Baltimore: University Park Press, p. 261.
Marchiori, N., Magalhães, A.R.M., and Pereira Jr., J. 2010. The life cycle of Bucephalus margaritae Ozaki & Ishibashi, 1934 (Digenea, Bucephalidae) from the coast of Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Acta Scientiarum 32, pp.71-78.
Pina, S., Barandela, T., Santos, M.J., Russell-Pinto, F., and Rodrigues, P. 2009. Identification and description of Bucephalus minimus (Digenea: Bucephalidae) life cycle in Portugal: morphological, histopathological, and molecular data. Journal of Parasitology, Vol. 95, p. 353-359.